Etymology and History of Aesthetics
– The word ‘aesthetic’ is derived from the Ancient Greek αἰσθητικός (aisthētikós).
– Coined by Alexander Baumgarten in 1735 to emphasize the experience of art as a means of knowing.
– Thomas Carlyle introduced the term into the English language in 1825.
– The history of aesthetics can be traced back to Aristotle and the ancient Greeks.
– Aristotle believed that various art forms are acts of mimesis, each varying in imitation by medium, object, and manner.
– Erich Auerbach extended the discussion of the history of aesthetics in his book titled ‘Mimesis.’

Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art
– Aesthetics examines topics such as art works, aesthetic experience, and aesthetic judgments.
– Aesthetic experience refers to the sensory contemplation or appreciation of an object, while artistic judgment refers to the recognition, appreciation, or criticism of art.
– Philosophers of art study the varieties of art in relation to their physical, social, and cultural environments.
– Aesthetic psychology studies the creative process and the aesthetic experience.

Aesthetic Judgment, Universals, and Ethics
– Aesthetics examines affective domain response to an object or phenomenon.
– Aesthetic judgments rely on the ability to discriminate at a sensory level but usually go beyond sensory discrimination.
– Sensory discrimination is linked to the capacity for pleasure.
– Enjoyment and judging something to be beautiful require sensory pleasure and reflective contemplation.
– Beauty is subjective and universal, according to Immanuel Kant.

Definition of Aesthetic Judgments
– Aesthetic judgments are difficult to define in works of art.
– Factors involved in aesthetic judgment.
– Aesthetic judgments are closely tied to disgust.
– Emotions are conformed to cultural reactions.
– Factors in aesthetic judgment include disgust, sensory detection, emotions, and awe.

Aesthetic Regionalism and Cultural Influence on Aesthetics
– Aesthetic Regionalism safeguards counter-traditions of aesthetics and opposes universal notions of beauty.
– Aesthetic Regionalism challenges the perception of ‘un-beautiful’ in different cultures.
– Aesthetic Regionalism encompasses primitive art, un-harmonious art, and camp art.
– Perception of beauty is subjective and varies across different cultures.
– Aesthetic judgments are influenced by cultural context. Source URL:

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